• Sajid Nazir
  • Musawir Ali
  • Adeel Shah


Pakistani mills face continuous competition from global competitors to produce quality products and remain responsive to satisfy the demands of international fast fashion retail brands. The required agility due to market pressure forces firms to increase inventory turnover, which results in operations hazards to staff. The mills must mitigate operational hazards by imparting safety training to their personnel handling operations. Top management continuously focuses on increasing apparel mill performance by using different capabilities. Based on the available gap, the goal of this study is to determine the relationship between Agile manufacturing (AM), Total Quality Management (TQM), paired with Operational Safety (OS), training, and moderation of High Management Commitment to the performance of apparel mills. For testing the proposed theoretical model, regression analysis was run on the data collected from 104 Pakistani apparel through an online survey. Results indicate significant relation between TQM, AM, and apparel mill performance, whereas OS has no effect on a dependent variable. The results confirm high management commitment only moderates between TQM and the performance of apparel mills.

Author Biographies

Sajid Nazir

Sajid Nazir is currently working as a lecturer in the department of supply chain management, Institute of Business Management. He can be contacted at

Musawir Ali

Musawir Ali is currently working as a lecturer in the department of supply chain management, Institute of Business Management. His email address is

Adeel Shah

Adeel Shah is working as an HoD in the department of supply chain management, Institute of Business Management. He can be contacted at


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