• Sana Shahzad Malik
  • Nasir Ullah


The core aspiration that led to investigate and study the five speeches of Martin Luther King Jr, who is known to be an influential and dominant orator to understand the distinguishing, contextual, structural, and thematic features incorporating the linguistics strategies adopted by him. The type of research chosen in this research is qualitative approach and narrowed down to five speeches from twenty-five hundred speeches to develop comprehensive understanding and result oriented research for future perspectives. The methodology opted is Norman Fairclough 3D Critical Discourse Analysis model that has 3 layers of analysis which are firstly, the discourse as description of pure text;secondly is discourse as interpretation of text as-discursive-practice; thirdly is discourse as explanation of text as-social -practice included. The study is restricted to King’s persuasive strategies analyzing from Political Discourse Analysis in which there is structural framework of argumentative strategies for actions with five categories for five persuasive speeches initiating from, claims for an action; goals; circumstances; goals-means; and values. The collection of data from the five notorious speeches by calculating the frequency of words in the speeches to determine the thematic; semantic; ideologies; intentions; syntax; variations of the linguistic features. It has been concluded that Martin Luther King was a very optimistic; peacemaker and action-oriented man with bold symbolic, freedom of expressions who managed to win the masses with leadership potential, pragmatic style and convincing words. He advocated the nation to learn from History to be aware of their legal and fair voting rights as American citizen by current non-violent marches and demonstration to shape. The future of Afro- American as free nation with equal, just and fair rights.

Author Biographies

Sana Shahzad Malik

Sana Shahzad Malik is a research scholar. Her email address is sanashahzad@tuf.edu.pk

Nasir Ullah

Nasir Ullah is working as a lecture in SZABIST in the department of English. His email address is nasirullah.khan@szabist.edu.pk


Bencker, K. M. (2021). “The Representation of Race in Advertising.”

Dijk, T. A. van (1997a) ‘What is political Discourse Analysis?’, in Blommaert, J. and Bulcaen, C. (eds) Political Linguitics, Amsterdam: Benjamins, 11-52

Jenna Crosley (2021). “What exactly is Discourse Analysis? https://www.gradcoach.com

Fairclough, N. (2013). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language, Routledge.

Martin, D. J. (2011). “Communicating vision: A linguistic analysis of leadership speeches.”

Naser, M. S., et al. (2020). “Martin Luther King Jr’s Delivery Style in Political Context: A Critical Discourse Analysis.” International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education 12(2).

Kellie Carter (2021); The United States’ first civil rights movement; https://www.thenation.com/article/society/kate-masur-until-justice-bedone/tnamp/; The Demand of Freedom

Erin Blakemore (2018) https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/nelson-mandela-fought-apartheid-work-not-complete; (pbs.org;5of Martin Luther King Jr.’s most memorable speeches; April 3,2018; civil rights)

Aschale, A., & Ababa, A. (2013). A critical discourse analysis of Barack Obama’s speeches vis-A-vis Middle East and North Africa.Unpublished Ph. D. thesis. Addis Ababa University.

Bencker, K. M. (2021a). The Representation of Race in Advertising.

Bencker, K. M. (2021b). The Representation of Race in Advertising: A Case Study of the Representation of Race in Procter & Gamble’s Campaigns’ The Lookand The Talk.

Besides, an Examination of Consumers’ Perception Thereof. Retrieved from https://projekter.aau.dk/projekter/d a / s t u d e n t t h e s i s / t h e - r e p r e s e n t a t i o n - o f - r a c e - i n -advertising(e2974f2c-c9c6-4513-91fc-7ae9341e106b). html msclkid=d2710d82ad1111ec8adf7aac1fa3de69

Crosley, J. (2021 June). what exactly is discourse analysis ?

Fairclough, I., & Fairclough, N. (2013). Political discourse analysis: A method for advanced students: Routledge.

Fairclough, N. (2013). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language: Routledge.

King Jr, L. (1968). “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

King Jr, M. L. (1963). I have a dream speech. Washington, DC, August, 28.

King Jr, M. L. (1967). Beyond Vietnam: A time to break silence. speech, Riverside Church, New York, NY, April, 4.

Martin, D. J. (2011). Communicating vision: A linguistic analysis of leadership speeches.

Mullet, D. R. (2018). A general critical discourse analysis framework for educational research. Journal of Advanced Academics, 29(2), 116-142.

Naser, M. S., Katea, H. H., & Hammadi, M. D. (2020). Martin Luther King Jr’s Delivery Style in Political Context: A Critical Discourse Analysis. International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education, 12(2).

Additional Files