• Dr. Fayaz Ali Shah
  • Dr. Shahid Jan
  • Mohib Ullah


Gender Discrimination, Behavioural Outcomes, Job Satisfaction, Turnover Intention, Job Stress


Employers, who are socially responsible, are considered to be better organizations because they provide discrimination-free workplace environment. Previous literature on gender discrimination has majorly focussed on one aspect—sexual harassment. However, there are dimensions of this social issue which are also important but less attention has been given to them. Similarly, the majority of previous researches on gender discrimination have been conducted in developed countries within industrial settings with little attention to developing countries within academic settings. The current study is an attempt to fill this gap by utilizing a multidimensional model within the cultural perspective of Pakistan. This study examined several behavioural outcomes of gender discrimination within the faculty members of public sector universities of Pakistan. The study also examined the interacting effect of emotional attachment (affective commitment) on the relationships of gender discrimination and its behavioural outcomes. Data was gathered from 313 faculty of the public sector universities. The model of the study is evaluated using Structural Equation Modelling with the help of AMOS version 21. Results of the study revealed that gender discrimination positively affects turnover intention and job stress, while have a negative association with job satisfaction. The results of the study also uncovered unique results regarding the interacting effect of emotional attachment (affective commitment) on the relationships of gender discrimination and its outcomes. These findings would help all the stakeholders to look into possible ways to promote a positive work environment.

Author Biographies

Dr. Fayaz Ali Shah

Dr. Fayaz ali Shah is working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Management Sciences, Islamia College Peshawar, which is one of the oldest institutes for higher education in the country. He has more than 10 years’ experience in teaching and research and has published one book and more than 40 research publications in the field of Organizational Justice and Law, Human Behavior and Management. His email is

Dr. Shahid Jan

Dr. Shahid Jan is Associate Professor of Management at Islamia College University Peshawar. He received his MBA from Quaid-E-Azam University Islamabad and his Post Doctorate from Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, USA. He has supervised 12 PhD scholars, 40 MS scholars and published 60 research articles in the field of CSR, Social Entrepreneurship and Management. his email address is

Mohib Ullah

Mohib ullah is a PhD Scholar at Univeriti Teknologi Malaysia. He has specialization in Management and Tourism and has published several research articles related to his field. His email is


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