• Tasleem Arif
  • Dr. Salahuddin Khan
  • Wasim Khan


Sports Development, Hard Work Ethics, Former Athletes Perspectives


The current study was an attempt to assess the perception of government servants in the community of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan, as to assess the role of sports in the development of hard work ethics. The population of this study comprised of doctors (33), engineers (25), and teachers (67) who had participated in sporting activities in their student lives. The researchers used a purposive sampling (snowball sampling) technique to identify appropriate participants to complete a researcher’s developed, self-administered structured questionnaire. The collected data was tabulated and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The formulated hypotheses were tested at a significant level of .05. The findings revealed that participants believed that participation in sports developed the quality of hard work (.000<.05). No gender or category wise differences were found pertaining to the role of sports in the development of quality of hard work (679>.05 & .082>.05). The ability to “work hard” was identified by the stakeholders as being a significant life skill for success in Pakistan, along with a clear perception that participating in sport would help develop this ability. The findings of this study will enhance and encourage the interest of medical, engineering, and general students towards sports participation in order to be successful as well as to advance their profession (doctors, engineers, and teachers).

Author Biographies

Tasleem Arif

Tasleem Arif is currently pursuing his PhD from the Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Education at the Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. Mr. Arif is an avid researcher and has a vast experience of teaching Sports Management subjects at university level. He can be contacted via email at

Dr. Salahuddin Khan

Dr. Salahuddin khan is Professor in the Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Education at the Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. Dr. Khan is a distinguished Professor and has supervised a number of PhD students. His email is

Wasim Khan

Wasim khan is currently working as Lecturer in the Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Education at the Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. He can be contacted through email at


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